The AARP Foundation announced it has filed a class action lawsuit on behalf of Yale University employees, alleging that Yale’s employee wellness program violates the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA).

The lawsuit contends that Yale forces certain employees and their spouses to either submit to medical exams and disclose personal health information and family medical history or pay heavy financial penalties.

Yale’s employee wellness program, called Health Expectations, requires approximately 5,000 union employees and their spouses to submit to medical tests and allow release of all of their insurance claims data to multiple wellness vendors.

Employees who refuse to disclose private medical and genetic
information must pay a penalty of $1,300 per year.

“This is a particularly important issue for older workers, who are more likely to have disabilities and medical conditions—such as diabetes, heart disease, and cancer—that are at risk of being revealed by wellness questionnaires and exams,” said AARP Foundation President Lisa marsh Ryerson, “and it hits low-income workers the hardest.

Violation of civil rights

“Allowing employers to financially coerce workers into
relinquishing their personal health information is a clear violation of medical
privacy and civil rights protections,” Ryerson said.

Both the ADA and GINA are federal laws that protect employee
privacy and allow workers to shield themselves from discrimination in the
workplace. The AARP Foundation lawsuit argues that Yale’s Health Expectations
program puts workers between a rock and hard place: employees either must hand
over sensitive medical and genetic information on themselves and their spouses
or pay a heavy financial penalty to protect their personal health information.

“Under federal law, disclosing medical and genetic information and test results in workplace wellness programs must be voluntary,” said William Alvarado rivera, Senior Vice Preisdent of Litigation at AARP Foundation. “Workers should have the freedom to choose whether to divulge personal health information in the workplace, as Congress intended.”

Allowing employers and others access to private medical
information could lead to people being fired, not hired, or discriminated
against in other ways based on their health history. Ensuring that inquiries
and exams in wellness programs are voluntary is a self-help mechanism for
workers who do not want to risk these consequences.

Yale University had not publicly responded to the lawsuit.

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